Why was the chainsaw invented? How the tool was used in childbirth - and the Scottish surgeons who invented it
Chainsaws had another purpose before they were used to cut down trees
Social media is rife with weird and wonderful trends, but one unusual topic has been garnering a lot of attention.
Today, Twitter users have been asking why the chainsaw was invented - and the answer isn’t anything like you’d expect.
A modern-day chainsaw is used to cut down trees thanks to its sharp edges. However, the tool’s origins aren’t anything like what chainsaws are used for now, which is a relief, since the invention was for a particularly morbid reason.
It was actually two Scots that created the first chainsaw, way back in 1780, but why exactly was this risky tool invented in the first place?
Why was the chainsaw invented?
Shockingly, the chainsaw was originally invented to assist in childbirth - yes, you read that correctly.
Before the caesarian section became common practise, all foetuses had to pass through the birth canal.
Inevitably, babies can become stuck if they are too large or in a breech position, which is when they lie feet first in the womb instead of the usual head-first position.
Back in the 18th century, if a baby couldn’t fit through or if it became stuck in the pelvis, parts of bone and cartilage were removed to create space, medically known as a “symphysiotomy”.
This painful and messy procedure, which was performed without anesthesia, was doneby hand using a small knife and saw to remove the bone.
To make the process easier, two Scots surgeons invented the chainsaw in the 18th century.
You’ll be pleased to know it wasn’t like the horror movie idea of a modern tree-chopper, but something like a small kitchen knife with little teeth on a chain which was wound by a hand crank.
The tool actually did make the procedure easier and less time-consuming, and it continued to be used for most of the 19th century.
Who invented the chainsaw?
The scary-looking child birthing tool was actually invented in Scotland, by doctors John Aitken and James Jeffray.
The two Scottish surgeons are credited with inventing the chainsaw in the 1780s.
John Aitken became a surgeon in the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, and he also gave medical lectures and demonstrations to university students.
He is known to have made a few practical improvements within surgery, including devising the chainsaw.
Dr Aitken’s partner in the invention was Dr Jeffray, who studied at both Glasgow University and Edinburgh University, and was known for dissecting the bodies of people executed for murder.
Jeffray held the twin chairs of Anatomy and Botany at Glasgow University from 1790, and became Vice Rector of the university in 1800.
He is buried on the northern slope of Glasgow Necropolis.
What was a symphysiotomy?
The doctors’ chainsaw was used during symphysiotomies.
This was a procedure carried out on pregnant women during birth, in place of a caesarian section which is now the modern practice.
A symphysiotomy involves slicing through the cartilage and ligaments of a pelvic joint to widen it and allow a baby to be delivered without obstruction.
For women, there were high risks of infection, pain, bladder injury and even long-term walking difficulty.
The procedure was common in treating obstructed labour from 1597, but became less frequent in the late 20th century after the risk of maternal death from a caesarian section decreased due to improvements in techniques and hygiene.